Au-Ti, Autistic Community and Abusive Behaviour

[Image Description: the word autism surrounded by translations for “hello” in multiple languages, above a rainbow strip with text that reads “by autistic people for everyone”]

Au-Ti, known also as Autists, Autism @ Au-Ti, and on twitter as @AUTIGROUP is led by an autistic man from England called Adrie Cornelis, formerly known as Adrie Van Der Meer. The ideology behind the Au-Ti group is not progressive or supporting true neurodiversity. The group embraces the use of functioning labels and the term Aspergers, despite the numerous concerns raised by various autistic people over both the ineffectiveness of functioning labels and the links between Hans Asperger and the Nazis.

In June I resigned as an admin of this group and wrote an open letter giving my reasons. In light of further criticisms of the group from multiple sources, I wish to expand upon the contents of that letter and talk about the various experiences I had or witnessed within the group that ultimately led to my decision to publicly resign. I have wished to share this since leaving, but felt intimidated into remaining silent on many things.

While in the group, a new member joined and I was tagged as a person from Scotland they could speak to, as they were also from Scotland. This person, through repeated questions, managed to ascertain that we lived nearby to each other. They were in their 40s, I was 24 and presented at the time as a woman. He began messaging me privately less than an hour into our conversation, and asked me for a date. I blocked him.

Upon reporting this incident to Adrie and other admins, I was informed that he couldn’t be removed from the group as he hadn’t had three strikes. This was not the first incident of a man in this group private-messaging a female-presenting member with sexual or romantic comments or overtures. No previous perpetrators were removed from the group either due to this strict three-strikes policy.  

A week or two before I left, a group of three admins reported an Australian Aboriginal immigrant in the US to the police. This was, allegedly, a mental health call. The individual in question asked them NOT to call the police and explained that what he was experiencing were normal symptoms of an established long-term condition that he knew how to treat himself. Adrie, who was one of the three alongside Delia and Erin, brought Erin onto the call specifically so she, a US-based nurse, would be duty-bound to report the incident.

This was at the height of the Black Lives Matter protests in the US following a number of shootings of Black people in the US. Calling the police on a person of colour who was begging you not to, in the US, at that time, is not acceptable. Mental health crisis calls to police, particularly for autistic people, particularly for people of colour, particularly in the US, have a history of ending badly for the person who is being reported. There is a very real risk of shooting or indefinite psychiatric detention.

The group, which is based across multiple platforms including WhatsApp, Telegram and Facebook, alongside a Twitter account and, now, their own website, has allowed a practicing ABA therapist and an employee at an ABA school to remain part of the group, and to promote their work. At the time of my membership, openly opposing these viewpoints was called ‘political’ and shut down by the admins. Meanwhile, people were permitted to share pro-ABA studies on ‘early intervention’.

One admin, Delia of the police-calling incident, who is a doctor in Chile, made openly racist and Islamophobic comments in the WhatsApp group in June, calling Muslims “extremely violent” and claiming that Islam is a ‘political ideology’ and comparing it with Nazism. Adrie then ordered us, as admins, to remain ‘impartial’ when addressing racist comments in the main WhatsApp chat. He then accused those members who called out the racist comments of “bullying Delia” and demanded an apology.

After myself and numerous others left the group, a remaining member revealed to me that Adrie had told all members that we were working at the behest of a former member of the group and advised them to block all Cuban phone numbers. He previously removed this member from the group for criticising the Cuban government as it was ‘political’. After leaving, he accused myself and others of following the orders of this individual and claimed we had not independently chosen to leave. This was completely false.

He later accused those of us who left of setting up a group designed to harass members of their group and threatened to contact the police on members of a new WhatsApp group set up by former members of their group who wished to stay in contact. He implied that a formal international investigation was happening and that he was in contact with lawyers. This behaviour was clearly designed to intimidate former members into refraining from speaking publicly about their experiences. People have also been re-added to the group without their pemission.

Since leaving the group, it has rebranded from Autists to Au-Ti and has set up a news website on autism issues. The group continues to attack other autistic people who are not part of it.

The autistic community needs to speak up about the abuse in this group and at the hands of other autistic people. Bullying within the autistic community is, unfortunately, a fairly common occurrence, and is often swept under the rug and ignored by many. Since joining this group and resigning my admin role, I have witnessed continual harm being perpetuated by this group and some of its leaders, and I can no longer stay silent.

Edit notice: this post was updated on the 23rd February to reflect a change in the Twitter username of the group following the publication of multiple articles and posts criticising the organisation. The post was further updated on the 15th March to link to screenshot evidence hosted on Twitter.

Neurodiversity vs Aspie Supremacy: The Differences

[Image Description: a multicoloured drawing of a brain]

Neurodiversity and Aspie Supremacy are two different ideologies in the discussion of how to view autism (and, in the case of the former, other neurodivergent conditions). Their fundamental principles conflict with each other, and thus it is impossible to genuinely support both ideologies; though supporters of one may claim to support the other as a way to gain legitimacy for their views. Here, I will describe both ideologies and their differences, as a way of countering claims that they overlap.

The neurodiversity paradigm is a way of viewing conditions such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia and others as natural variations of the human brain, rather than ‘diseases’ to be cured. Neurodiversity applies not only to autism, but other conditions also, however I will focus on autism here as Aspie Supremacy is an autism-specific ideology. Supporters of neurodiversity believe all brain types are valid and deserving of rights and respect, including the neurotypical majority.

Aspie Supremacy is an ideology that claims those with Asperger’s Syndrome or ‘high-functioning autism’ are superior to those with other brain types, or in some cases are the next stage in human evolution. They tend to view neurotypical people and autistic people with higher support needs or non-speaking autistic people as ‘lesser’ or less intelligent. Aspie Supremacists tend to place emphasis on IQ as a marker of worthiness. Think Sheldon from the Big Bang Theory & his claims of being ‘more evolved’.

One of the fundamental principles of neurodiversity is that everyone is equal and deserves equal rights regardless of the structure of their brains. One of the fundamental principles of Aspie supremacy is that some people’s brains are naturally ‘better’ than others. These two statements cannot both be believed by the same person. Due to the connotations associated with the term ‘supremacy’, however, Aspie supremacists will often claim to be supporters of neurodiversity to make their views sound more palatable.

Allegations that neurodiversity advocates “hate neurotypicals” are widespread, but are not true. Jokes about the majority are not ‘hatred’ and are jokes. There is no systematic discrimination against neurotypicals, they are the privileged group when compared with neurodivergent people. Thus, jokes are not indicative of hatred, and are not meant seriously. There are, however, some (but not even all) Aspie supremacists who do look down on neurotypical people, which is likely where the allegation comes from.

The term “Asperger’s Syndrome” itself is contentions within the neurodiversity movement. The term no longer exists within the DSM-5, and will not be in the ICD-11. It is seen as an outdated diagnostic term for autism without a speech delay, and prior to the changing of the diagnostic criteria, there was evidence to show that it was dependent on the clinician if one would be diagnosed with Asperger’s or high-functioning autism. There are also the allegations that Hans Asperger, who the diagnosis was named after, was a Nazi collaborator, thus the term is extremely controversial among neurodiversity-supporting groups.

Aspie Supremacists do not support autistic people with higher support needs, non-speaking autistic people, or autistic people with co-occurring learning or intellectual disabilities. This is another criticism levelled at neurodiversity advocates, which better applies to the Aspie supremacist group. While Aspie supremacists view IQ as indicative of worth, supporters of neurodiversity are often against the notion of IQ, as it measures only a very limited definition of ‘intelligence’. Neurodiversity also includes, and advocates for the rights of, people who would not be deemed ‘high-functioning’ by society.

These are not the only two ideologies in the realm of autism politics. There are also the ‘neurorealists’, aka the ‘Autistic Dark Web’ (self-styled) who are a group of autistic individuals online who support a cure for autism; the ‘curebies’, a term for those who support a biomedical cure for autism; the behaviourists, who support ABA and other behaviourist therapies to ‘correct’ autistic behaviours. That’s not to mention the anti-vaxxers, institutionalists who want to just lock us up, and other assorted pseudoscience peddlers.

Autism politics is a confusing realm that, once stumbled into, it is hard to find your way out. There are many different factions, ideologies and beliefs – and that’s not even touching on the internal infighting that is natural in all politics. Neurodiversity and Aspie Supremacy are only two strands of this complicated picture. Yet, they are often confused with each other or conflated in a way that is damaging for supporters of neurodiversity, and so it is important to point out their differences, so we can move forward and create a neurodiverse society that values all neurotypes.

Glossary

ABA: Applied Behaviour Analysis, controversial therapy that has been likened to torture and conversion therapy
Asperger’s Syndrome: former diagnostic term for autism without a speech delay
Aspie: short for Asperger’s Syndrome, used by those diagnosed with the condition
Autistic Dark Web: internet-based group of cure-supporting autistic people
Curebie: term for supporters of a cure for autism
DSM-5: Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition: a US-based collection of diagnostic criteria for mental conditions.
High-Functioning: autistic people with less support needs; functioning labels are disliked by the autistic community
ICD-11: The eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases, still being rolled out to replace the ICD-10.
Neurodivergent: people with minority brain types; with brain conditions
Neurodiverse: an adjective to describe a group of people with multiple brain types
Neurodiversity: a worldview that says there are many natural varying brain types
Neurotype: term for all types of brain, both neurotypical and neurodivergent.
Neurotypical: a person with the majority brain type, with no brain conditions
Neurorealist: a supporter of an ideology that claims some brain types are less desirable than others.